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Glossary


Terms in glossary: 20.

A Record
A DNS record used to associate a hostname with an IP address.
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Certificate Authority
An entity that issues digital certificates to provide proof of identity to others. Certificate Authorities issue Secure Certificates used for providing encrypted communications on the Internet.
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Dedicated Server
A dedicated server is a web hosting arrangement in which an entire physical machine is dedicated to your needs. At SimplyWebHosting.com, they come in two flavors: Virtuozzo technology based or plain Linux based. A plain Linux server gives you raw access to hardware which can be useful if you need a specialized kernel or kernel module. Virtuozzo based servers do not allow direct access to hardware, but do give root access and the ability to upgrade to faster hardware seamlessly and transparently with no downtime, configuration changes, or IP address changes.
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DNS
Domain Name System. A system employed by the Internet to translate hostnames to IP addresses.
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Domain name
A name that identifies one or more IP addresses.
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Domain name registrar
An organization that manages Internet domain names. A domain name must be registered to be publicly usable.
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Hostname
A combination of the local name and the domain name. A hostname can also be just the domain name. Example hostnames are www.mydomain.com, mydomain.com, webmail.mydomain.com.
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IP Address
The numeric address of a computer or network device connected to the Internet.
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iptables
An administration tool for IPv4 packet filtering, commonly used for configuring firewall rules.
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Kernel
The kernel is the core piece of software on a computer that regulates access to hardware and controls how software runs. Without a kernel, no computer would be useable by people that don't know machine language (sequences of ones and zeros).
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Root Access
"Root" is a special Linux user that can control any and all aspects of a server. Most users have limits on what they can do - root does not. If you're not familiar with Linux, root access can be dangerous to the functioning of the system. For instance, with a single mistyped command, a root user can accidentally delete vital files that are required for normal system operation. On the other hand, root access can be very useful to those who know what they are doing.
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Secure Certificate
A digitial certificate containing a public key that is required to provide SSL communications on the Internet. The Certificate can be self-issued or issued through a Certificate Authority.
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Server
A software program or computer that provides a specific service to client software. Examples servers are email server, web server and FTP server.
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Shared Web Hosting
Shared web hosting means that many domains are hosted from a single Apache web server. You have limited administrative control over server configuration. The web server is configured to serve the needs of the largest percentage of users without compromising security or performance.
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SMTP
(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) A protocol used to send e-mail messages between mail servers. Most Internet e-mail programs send email via SMTP.
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SSL
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a protocol used to provide encrypted communications on the Internet.
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VDS
Virtual Dedicated Server. A web hosting account in which you have the highest level of administrative access - root. Many such accounts are placed on a single physical machine.
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VPS
Virtual Private Server. A web hosting account in which you have the highest level of administrative access - root. Many such accounts are placed on a single physical machine.
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Web Browser
A software program used to view web pages. Commonly used web browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Opera and Safari.
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Webmail
A program used for accessing email remotely through a web browser. Examples include Horde IMP Webmail and Open WebMail.
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